About the Comprehensive Ranking System

Under the popular Express Entry System for skilled Immigration to Canada, there is an allotment of scores known as Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Scores, which is the essential determining factor for the immigrants to understand the possibilities of getting an invite for Canadian permanent residency. This system operates as a point-based evaluation of the candidates to assess their eligibility to immigrate to Canada.

Check Your Eligibility

Choose the best answer:

  • If you’ve been invited to apply, enter your age on the date you were invited.
  • If you plan to complete an Express Entry profile, enter your current age.

Enter the highest level of education for which you:

  • earned a Canadian degree, diploma or certificate or
  • had an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) if you did your study outside Canada. (ECAs must be from an approved agency, in the last five years)

Note: a Canadian degree, diploma or certificate must either have been earned at an accredited Canadian university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute in Canada. Distance learning counts for education points, but not for bonus points in your profile or application.

Note: to answer yes:

  • English or French as a Second Language must not have made up more than half your study
  • you must not have studied under an award that required you to return to your home country after graduation to apply your skills and knowledge
  • you must have studied at a school within Canada (foreign campuses don’t count)
  • you had to be enrolled full time for at least eight months, and have been physically present in Canada for at least eight months

Official languages: Canada's official languages are English and French.

You need to submit language test results that are less than two years old for all programs under Express Entry, even if English or French is your first language.

Enter your test scores:

If so, which language test did you take for your second official language?

Test results must be less than two years old.

Enter your test scores for:

Work Experience

It must have been paid and full-time (or an equal amount in part-time).

Note: In Canada, the National Occupational Classification (NOC) is the official list of all the jobs in the Canadian labour market. It describes each job according to skill type, group and level.

"Skilled work" in the NOC is:

  • managerial jobs (NOC Skill Level 0)
  • professional jobs (NOC Skill Type A)
  • technical jobs and skilled trades/manual work (NOC Skill Type B)

If you aren’t sure of the NOC level for this job, you can find your NOC.

It must have been paid, full-time (or an equal amount in part-time), and in only one occupation (NOC skill type 0, A or B).

Note: A certificate of qualification lets people work in some skilled trades in Canada. Only the provinces, territories and a federal body can issue these certificates. To get one, a person must have them assess their training, trade experience and skills to and then pass a certification exam.

People usually have to go to the province or territory to be assessed. They may also need experience and training from an employer in Canada.

This isn’t the same as a nomination from a province or territory.

Additional Points

A valid job offer must be

  • full-time
  • in a skilled job listed as Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B in the 2011 National Occupational Classification
  • supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or exempt from needing one
  • for one year from the time you become a permanent resident

A job offer isn’t valid if your employer is:

  • an embassy, high commission or consulate in Canada or
  • on the list of ineligible employers.

Whether an offer is valid or not also depends on different factors, depending on your case. See a full list of criteria for valid job offers.

You can use our online tool to find out if you don’t know.

Note: to answer yes, the brother or sister must be:

  • 18 years old or older
  • related to you or your partner by blood, marriage, common-law partnership or adoption
  • have a parent in common with you or your partner

A brother or sister is related to you by:

  • blood (biological)
  • adoption
  • marriage (step-brother or step-sister)
  • earned a Canadian degree, diploma or certificate; or
  • had an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)? (ECAs must be from an approved agency, in the last five years)

To get the correct number of points, make sure you choose the answer that best reflects your case. For example:

If you have TWO Bachelor’s degrees, or one Bachelor’s AND a two year college diploma, choose – “Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years.”

It must have been paid, full-time (or an equal amount in part-time), and in one or more NOC 0, A or B jobs.

Test results must be less than two years old.

Enter the test scores for:


Your results

All Express Entry candidates get a score out of 1,200, based on the four parts of the Comprehensive Ranking System formula.

We invite the highest-ranking candidates from the pool to apply as a permanent resident through regular “rounds of invitations.” See what minimum scores have been in the past.


These scores can be easily calculated on a CRS calculator by entering certain information for different factors as mentioned below –

  • Age
  • Educational Qualification
  • Professional Work Experience
  • Language Proficiency
  • Spousal factors, if applicable
  • Additional skills/other considerable factors like Canadian education or experience

The additional factors other than the mandatory ones can be the game-changing factor to get selected in the Canada Express Entry draws invite. It can tremendously impact the ranking and the same will be reflected in CRS Score Calculator. These can be understood as –

  • Having prior Canadian qualification (Degree/Diploma etc.)
  • Exceptional IELTS Score (CLB 9 or above)
  • Having a valid job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Getting provincial nomination (Gives additional 600 points)
  • Any other extraordinary attribute that may be of use to Canada

Those applicants who manage to get a score that surpasses the CRS cut-off score are invited to apply for the further process of Canada PR Visa. They should have a valid and active Express Entry profile and must maintain honest information throughout the process.

Going into the details of the Express Entry System, it operates three major categories of immigrants, which are – Federal Skilled Worker, Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class. There are individual qualifications for each of these category and accordingly the applicants can apply. They will be evaluated on the basis of category and information they have entered while creating the Express Entry profile.

The working of CRS System

Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System is a pool of maximum of 1200 points. They can be broadly classified as –

  • Core Human Capital (Skills/Education/Experience) – 500 points
  • Skills Transferability – 100 points
  • Other factors – 600 points

These points can be further broken down as per the marital status of the applicant. For single applicant without any spousal factors, the points break-up can be understood as –

  • Core Human Capital (Skills/Education/Experience) – 500 points
  • Skills Transferability – 100 points
  • Valid Job Offer – 200 points
  • Provincial Nomination – 600 points

For those, who are applying with their spouse or common-law-partner, the application is bifurcated into primary and secondary applicant. Here, the primary applicant should be the one having less age and more IELTS Score to gain maximum points. They can calculate CRS score as –

  • Core Human Capital of principal applicant (Skills/Education/Experience) –  460 points
  • Core Human Capital of partner (Skills/Education/Experience) –  40 points
  • Skills Transferability – 100 points
  • Provincial Nomination – 600 points

Legitimate Ways to Improve CRS Scores

Since the entire gamut to be invited for Canadian permanent residency depends upon the CRS score one is getting, there is a constant drive amongst the applicant to augment their scores through the ways and means possible. It is definitely with little efforts and careful approach, one can definitely increase the CRS scores by a large number.

Some of the methods are listed below –

Improving IELTS score: Through hard-work and mock practices, you can understand your strengths and weaknesses for an IELTS attempt and accordingly you can improve your performance. Getting good scores in IELTS can definitely improve your scores on Canadian PR Points Calculator.

A job offer from Canada: Though tricky, but if you manage to find permanent employment from a Canadian employers, then you just need basic scores to qualify for the draw. Only a valid job offer which is LMIA approved is considered by the Canada Immigration Authorities.

Education: If age is not a big concern for you and you can obtain Master degree, then for it to improve your CRS scores. You can also opt for Canadian degree for enhanced scores as well as better prospects for provincial nomination. Some of the provinces operate their international graduate route through which the former international students are invited, if their profile is suited to the economy of the province and are preferred over other applicants.

Choosing the right primary applicant: This can definitely change the overall outlook of your profile if you choose the right primary applicant. It is necessary that the factors of primary applicant are better than the secondary ones such as age, education, IELTS or any other specific factor that can work in your favor.

Get provincial nomination:  This is basically a guarantee for you to be invited in the subsequent Canada PR draws. It gives you additional 600 points and many provinces are keen on inviting immigrants that match their profile. Apply for the suitable province and any improvement in your core factors can definitely help you get an invite from a province. Candidate with active Express Entry profile are shortlisted by the province if it feels that the applicant’s skills are valuable in the province. An example here is British Columbia Tech Pilot Program that hunts for excellent tech professionals for the province.

If you find all of these things complicated and you are not sure how to proceed, then our expert team is right here for uninterrupted assistance. At Visaexperts Immigration Services, you find trustworthy and dedicated team with advanced knowledge of the Canada Immigration and the various pathways that operates under it. We have a dominating presence in the nation as an immigration consultant with over 29 years of experience, where countless people have got their immigration dreams fulfilled. Connect with us to fulfill yours. You can directly speak to us on our Live Chat window or call us at +91 8595338595. You may also write your queries at [email protected] and you will be contacted by our counsellors at the earliest possible.

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